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Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

Jan 22, 2024 / Expected writing task 2: 2024 / 7:10 pm

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

It is a fact that the amount of rubbish which is produced every day is increasing in a significant way. There are two main reasons behind this and this can be solvedĀ  by the enforcementĀ  and implementation of stringent laws.

Of the two major reasons, the first is the surplus production. To be precise, many manufacturing companies are profit-motive and they want their products to be sold to a wider range of customers than they did in the past. Hence, they increase their production, much higher than the existing demand. They also nurture the culture of consumerism through advertisements, which result in the purchase of frivolous products. Another reason is the popularity of disposable or single-use products over recyclable products. As per a recent BBC survey, 5 million single use vapes are thrown out every week. The widespread use of plastic for wrapping and transporting items are also a reason behind the bulk production of rubbish.

The primary solution to this problem is the enforcement of laws to maintain a near equilibrium between the demand of a product and its production, unless it is a basic necessity. Deceptive adverts, which persuade customers to spend money on worthless products should be banned and people should be made aware of the slogan: reduce, reuse and recycle. Finally, the rubbish treatment system should be made more sysytamatic and efficient.

To conclude, I feel the factors behind increasing rubbish are mainly commercial in nature, a strong legislation to deal with it from the governments can solve such issues effectively.