You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Some people believe that countries should produce the food to feed their population themselves and import as little as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.
Write at least 250 words.
There exists an opinion that each country should ensure its food security as per the food demands of its population rather than relying heavily on other countries. I too think the same way, despite some strong exceptions.
The primary reason for my view is because of the fact that many countries across the world face food shortage, though they are capable to be independent in case of meeting the food demands. This might be due to changing focus of development from agricultural sector to other sectors like tourism and infrastructure. Admitting the fact that development is needed in all the sectors, I think a country should never deviate its focus from food produce, as it is one of the basic needs of mankind.
In many countries, hectares of agricultural lands are converted to either residential or industrial areas, and they depend heavily on food imports. The most undesirable situation might arise when there occurs a shortage in these imports due to any unforeseen events like natural calamities or war. In such a case, the citizens of the dependent countries might suffer severe food shortage or even famine. In order to avoid such incidences, it is better to produce and store enough food items a country’s population demands.
However, there are countries, where extreme climatic conditions are present. For example, it is difficult to meet the food demands of middle east countries, as the area suitable for agriculture is too less, compared to other countries. The situation is similar in case of countries, where frequent floods and droughts occur. The modern technology is not yet fully developed to solve these issues.
In conclusion, even though adverse conditions hampers the food production process in certain countries, i think a country should ensure minimum food imports by promoting cultivation of edible food products, whenever and wherever possible.