You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
In recent years a large number of highly skilled professionals like doctors, engineers and IT professionals from poorer countries are leaving their countries for developed countries for better-paid jobs.
What are the possible problems of this and what solutions can you suggest to deal with this issue?
Give reasons for your answers and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
It is a new trend that a significant proportion of highly-skilled professionals from poor countries are attracted by well-paid jobs in the developed countries. This brain drain can affect both their native country and the country to which they are migrating to, and the solutions for this are highly complex in nature.
The worst problem stemming from this which affects the poorer countries is that it would further slowdown their overall developmental process, which was already affected adversely by various socio-economic factors. For example, such underprivileged countries struggle hard to mold enough number of skilled professionals. They are thought to be the pillars of the future development of such countries, and when they migrate to affluent countries for better standards of living, the socio- economic sector of their home countries would suffer badly, and this condition is expected to remain for longer.
On the other side, when these people assume jobs in another country, the indigenous population is at risk. This is because they lose numerous job opportunities, which they used to take up before the arrival of these migrants. The availability of cheap labour persuades the employers of such countries to prefer employees from these poor countries, and this would worsen the crisis.
These crises appear to be highly complicated, and so it is hard to find a feasible solution for this. This is because globalization permits the exchange of labour too along with other services. Each individual from the poorer countries should think that he has some responsibilities to his home country, and this would be the best possible solution in the current situation. However, this would not mitigate the intensity of the issue.
To conclude, the problems which brain drain can cause can be moderate to severe depending on the
situations, and feasible solutions are far from the reach of any country at present.