Plastic bags, plastic bottles, and plastic packaging are bad for the environment. What damage does plastic do to the environment? What can be done by the governments and individuals to solve this problem?

Apr 16, 2022 / Expected task 2: 2022 / 3:30 am

You should spend about 40 minutes in this task.

It is a fact that plastic is posing a great threat to the environment in this 21st century, when compared to the past. The biggest environmental concern with its use is environmental pollution, and this can be solved by regulating its production, use and disposal.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

The worst concern that plastic products pose is that it is non-biodegradable. To be precise, the extent of time the nature takes to decompose it is too long. Studies have shown that on an average, it takes between 200 to 500 years for this. All this time, the used plastic which is irrationally disposed can be a great threat to the life on the land, water and the atmosphere.

In the land, such plastic products affect the soil texture, and the land starts to degrade. This affects the cultivation adversely. When plastic wastes get in touch with water, micro-plastics are likely to mix with it, and this affects the water quality. This directly affects the aquatic life and all those who consume such water. Plastic, which is incinerated or burned affects the air quality and leads to a range of respiratory problems.

‘Reduce, reuse and recycle’: this is seen as the best solution for the crises which are caused by the plastic. This means the production and consumption of plastic have to be reduced significantly. Another measure is to stop the production of single-use plastic products such as plastic bags, and instead paper and cloth bags can be promoted. The reuse of many plastic products such as bottles should be promoted. Finally, used plastic can be segregated and be sent for recycling.

To conclude, it is clear that plastic, one of the most preferred human products, can question the mean existence of a healthy life on the earth. However, if measures are taken to produce, use and recycle it rationally, the issues can be mitigated.