The diagram shows the movement of carbon on and around the atmosphere

Jun 02, 2021 / Academic / 4:21 am

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram shows the movement of carbon on and around the atmosphere

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


The ways in which carbon moves on and around the earth’s atmosphere is elucidated in the given diagram.

Overall, it is clear that this movement is cyclic, and involves both natural and human activities.

Turning to the natural ways of carbon emission, plants and trees absorb carbon di-oxide from the atmosphere during photosynthesis at the day. However, at night, they release half of the carbon di-oxide they absorbed during the day through leaves and roots. Animals also exhale carbon di-oxide to the air. Dead organisms and other bio-degradable products are decomposed and carbon is sunk to either soil or water. From soil, it is taken as nutrients by plants and is evaporated from water bodies, transforms itself, and falls back to earth by means of rain. Carbon also reaches the water from fossil and fossil fuels.

Turning to the second way, large amounts of carbon di-oxide is emitted to the earth’s atmosphere by factories and vehicles, which increases its concentration in the atmosphere. Carbon wastes which are expelled from factories are sunk in water.

Word count: 174