You should spend about 40 minutes on the task.
The world’s oceans are filling up with waste plastic. What are the reasons for this, and how can the situation be improved?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Amidst of the unparalleled benefits that plastic gave to mankind, its improper management has resulted in the accumulation of tonnes of plastic in the oceans. There are three basic reasons behind this, and by adopting appropriate measures, this problem can be tackled much effectively.
The first major reason behind the issue is the irrational use of plastic. To be precise, plastic is seen used everywhere, even when it is least demanded. For example, in certain occasions like birthday parties and marriages, disposable plastic is used, and this becomes an instant waste. Very few tend to reduce its use or reuse it. Another problem is the improper treatment of plastic wastes. Many are seen disposing plastic wastes after single use, without segregating it and sending it to the recycling plant. The result is the presence of plastic litter everywhere, and generally this reaches the water bodies, and eventually in the ocean, posing threat to aquatic animals. Finally, people are ignorant about the threat of micro plastics when such wastes are disposed in water.
Turning to the solutions, the first is to prevent the plastic from reaching the ocean. This includes installing mesh nets in drains and small rivers. Australia is a country which has successfully done this. These plastics can be segregated and can be either recycled or incinerated scientifically. Another feasible solution is to promote awareness among the public about the imminent danger that can occur when plastic is not rationally used or recycled. Popular media should take initiative to do this, in collaboration with the governments and educational institutions.
To conclude, it is clear that the primary reasons which trigger the filling up of oceans with plastic are either related to its use or its disposal, and if the aforementioned measures are adopted, the problem can be mitigated to a great extent.